Right to Protection and Safety
In all areas of life, both online and offline, children must be protected from any form of violence, abuse, negligence and miss-treatment. Along with guidelines and laws that serve the purpose of protecting children, appropriate technical provisions must be implemented, while empowering children for self-protection in the digital world. (UN-CRC Art. 3) Protection and safety in the digital world arises from a mix of different instruments and the children’s empowerment for self-protection. It is the duty of parents and pedagogues in educational institutions to promote the empowerment of children, while governments have to provide the legal framework and preconditions.
The model of Intelligent Risk Management constitutes the different strategic goals of protection, based on the development along the child and adolescent phases and, with increasing age of the children, focuses on the growing ability to cope with risks.
- 18.12.17Jutta Croll, Stiftung Digitale Chancen
Even in 2006, when the IGF itself was in its infancy, the topic of child safety and protection was on the agenda of the forum. Not necessarily as a top priority and not free of conflicts. Strategies targeted at the prevention of access to potentially harmful content for children were contentious and had its detractors from the Freedom of Speech Community. Through the years empowerment of children and youths for a safe and responsible usage of the Internet gained in importance.
- 21.09.17Jutta Croll
Child protection must cover all areas of children’s lives, a safe everyday life in the real world as well as growing-up well with media. When article 19, 34 and 36 of the UN-Convention on the Rights of the Child demand the protection of children from violence, sexual abuse and exploitation, these rights nowadays must be interpreted and applied in a new way in regard of risks arising from or being reinforced through the internet. But how could contemporary child protection on the internet be envisaged? What are the preconditions for children using the internet for information and participation, for education and play, without being unreasonably endangered? What role does the protection of children’s data play in this regard?
- 22.05.17Jutta Croll
In 1989, the die Convention on the Rights of the Child (UN-CRC) was passed by the United Nations. To this day 195 states have ratified the Convention, making it the United Nations’ most widely recognized human rights document. The Convention is meant to grant special protection to young people under the age of eighteen. The ratifying states commit themselves to implement and guarantee the rights to freedom and protection as laid down in the 41 articles of the treaty.
Studies and publications
Towards a global indicator. On unidentified victims in child sexual exploitation material. Summary Report.ECPAT International und INTERPOL, ECPAT International und INTERPOL
This is a summary of a longer study called Towards a Global Indicator on Unidentified Victims in Child Sexual Exploitation Material, published by ECPAT International and INTERPOL in February 2018.
Towards a global indicator. On unidentified victims in child sexual exploitation material. Technical Report.ECPAT International and INTERPOL, ECPAT International und INTERPOL
This report presents the results of a two-part analysis of the multi-country data set contained in the International Child Sexual Exploitation (ICSE) Database housed at INTERPOL and of consultations with law enforcement personnel in relation to the identification of victims and offenders pictured in Child Sexual Abuse Material (CSAM) and Child Sexual Exploitation Material (CSEM) seized by law enforcement around the world.
- UNICEF, UNICEF
As the debate about whether the internet is safe for children rages, The State of the World’s Children 2017: Children in a Digital World discusses how digital access can be a game changer for children or yet another dividing line. The report represents the first comprehensive look from UNICEF at the different ways digital technology is affecting children, identifying dangers as well as opportunities. It makes a clear call to governments, the digital technology sector and telecom industries to level the digital playing field for children by creating policies, practices and products that can help children harness digital opportunities and protect them from harm.
- Deutsches Global Compact Netzwerk und Deutsches Komitee für UNICEF e. V.
The rights of children comprise much more areas than child labour in the supply chain, such as family friendly workplaces, product security or marketing. Within the first Germany-wide study on the topic “Children´s Rights in the German Business Activities” 485 companies have been contacted and 100 companies examined with a desktop study.
Centre for Child Protection on the Internet, I-KiZ - Zentrum für Kinderschutz im Internet
The task of the I-KiZ, the Centre for Child Protection on the Internet, together with youth media protection stakeholders from politics, business, science and practitioners, was to provide a forum for the development of strategies for contemporary youth media protection and the promotion of better protection of children and adolescents.
- Centre for Child Protection on the Internet, I-KiZ - Zentrum für Kinderschutz im Internet
Based on the findings of the HBI, the I-KiZ works with an Intelligent Risk Management model for youth media protection. The model consists of an age-related concept designed both to avoid confronting children with harmful content and contacts, and to promote strategies to counter and deal with the same.
- May 2017
SAGE Journal, SAGE Journal
In Vol 19, Issue 5, 2017 of the SAGE Journal in the New Media & Society category, there are a number of contributions to children's rights in the digital age.
London School of Economics (LSE)
The Media Policy Project’s goal is to start conversations between policy makers, civil society actors, and media professionals about the latest media research. It wants policy makers to have timely, easy access to relevant research and to the range of views held by civil society. It also works to engage the policy community with research on the policy making process itself. Additionally, it provides tools for anyone looking to stay up-to-date on media policy issues, through the briefings, event calendars, dossiers, and lists of on-going consultations.
- London School of Economics (LSE)
How do parents seek to bring up their children in the digital age? What is parents’ vision of their children’s future and that of the wider society? What risks and opportunities will characterise the digital future?
- October 2014
Amanda Third, Delphine Bellerose, Urszula Dawkins, Emma Keltie, Kari Pihl Young and Well Cooperative Research Centre, Young and Well Cooperative Research Centre
In July and August 2014, 148 children from 16 countries, speaking eight different languages, participated in workshops to share their views on their rights in the digital age.
UNICEF Office of Research-Innocenti, London School of Economics and Political Science
Global Kids Online is an international research project that aims to generate and sustain a rigorous cross-national evidence base around children’s use of the internet by creating a global network of researchers and experts.
Additional content for: Media Usage
- John Carr
In his Blog John Carr discusses how the new technologies change our life. His readers are thereby people whose interests lie in the field of public policy. Among his main topics are Security and Protection, with a focus on the special responsibility towards young(er) users.
Additional content for: Internet Governance
How do children and young people in Europe use the internet, what risks do they face, what opportunities does the internet offer, and how are they dealing with the varying possibilities? What are the similarities and differences here between the different European countries?
- UN-Committee on the Rights of the Child, UN Ausschuss für die Rechte des Kindes
The Days of General Discussion of the Committee on the Rights of the Child (DGD) seek to foster a deeper understanding of specific articles or topics of the Convention on the Rights of the Child by providing a forum for discussion between policy-makers, practitioners and researchers with the Committee. On 12 September 2014, the Committee devoted its twenty-first Day of General Discussion to “Digital Media and Children’s Rights”.
- Deutsches Institut für Menschenrechte, Netzwerk Kinderrechte, Save the Children
The map is only available in German language. With the map of children's rights, the monitoring body of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child of the German Institute for Human Rights shows to what extent individual children's rights are implemented and anchored in Germany's federal states.
Additional content for: UN Convention on the Rights of the Child
- Jutta Croll, Stiftung Digitale Chancen, Stiftung Digitale Chancen
The presentation explains domain name registration. It shows risks for children and countermeasures.
- Pontificia Universita Gregoriana; World Congress: Child Dignity in the Digital World
From 3rd to 6th of October 2017 the Child Dignity World Congress took place at the Pontifical Gregorian University, Rome. Among the 30 speakers at the congress was Jutta Croll, representing the project „Children’s Rights and Child protection“ at Stiftung Digitale Chancen. In a concluding audience the „Declaration of Rome“ was presented to Pope Francis by the congress participants, appealing governments, industry and the civil society to stand up for the protection of the rights and the dignity of children.
- UN-Committee on the Rights of the Child, Vereinte Nationen
Adopted and opened for signature, ratification and accession by General Assembly resolution 44/25 of 20 November 1989, entry into force 2 September 1990, in accordance with article 49
- May 2011
Council of Europe Convention on preventing and combating violence against women and domestic violenceConvention No. 210; Istanbul
Council of Europe
This new landmark treaty of the Council of Europe opens the path for creating a legal framework at pan-European level to protect women against all forms of violence, and prevent, prosecute and eliminate violence against women and domestic violence. The definition of “women” includes girls under the age of 18.
Additional content for: Digital Literacy
- October 2007
Council of Europe Convention on the Protection of Children against Sexual Exploitation and Sexual AbuseConvention No. 201; Lanzarote
Council of Europe, Europarat
This Convention is the first instrument to establish the various forms of sexual abuse of children as criminal offences, including such abuse committed in the home or family, with the use of force, coercion or threats.
- November 2001
Council of Europe, Europarat
The Convention is the first international treaty on crimes committed via the Internet and other computer networks, dealing particularly with infringements of copyright, computer-related fraud, child pornography and violations of network security. It also contains a series of powers and procedures such as the search of computer networks and interception.
- May 1996
Council of Europe, Europarat
The European Social Charter (revised) of 1996 embodies in one instrument all rights guaranteed by the Charter of 1961, its additional Protocol of 1988 (ETS No. 128) and adds new rights and amendments adopted by the Parties. It is gradually replacing the initial 1961 treaty.