Right to Privacy and Data Protection
Offline and online, no child shall be subjected to arbitrary or unlawful interference with his or her privacy, family, or correspondence, nor to unlawful attacks on his or her honour and reputation. (UN-CRC Art. 16) For instance, the online publication of a picture without consent of the child depicted can be a violation of this right. The protection of the private sphere can, in the course of digitisation, only be achieved through adequate data protection on the internet and in social networks. It is necessary to guarantee that personal data, like name, address and phone number, are not collected or transferred to third parties without consent.
The child has a right to legal protection against any interference or violation of these rights. (UN-CRC Art.16)
Users need to be empowered for the execution of these rights and for self-protection, in order to be able to live a self-determined and confident life in the digital world.
- 05.03.21Jutta Croll, Stiftung Digitale Chancen
Today the German Bundestag passed a law to reform youth protection in the media. With the new regulations, the participation of children and adolescents and thus one of the basic principles of the UN Conventions on the Rights of the Child is anchored in the German text of law.
Our Rights in a Digital World - Report on children’s perspective on their rights in the digital worldStiftung Digitale Chancen
The 18. annual Safer Internet day takes place today, 9 February, 2021 under the motto "Together for a better Internet". In addition, many young people were asked about their opinions in the report "Our Rights in a Digital World."
Children around the world have a reason to celebrate today, as the United Nations Children's Committee has adopted a General Comment on the rights of children in the digital environment. This means that all the rights granted to children by the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child also apply in the digital space. Access to the internet, freedom of information and expression, but also children's privacy and the right to protection from violence and abuse must be more strongly respected on the internet in the future.
- 02.01.21Stiftung Digitale Chancen
All stakeholders are invited to share Internet governance issues of priority that could shape the IGF 2021 thematic focus.
- August 2018
Stephane Chaudron, Rosanna Di Gioia, Monica Gemo, EU Science Hub - The European Commission's science and knowledge service
The document reports on results of a cross-national analysis building on data coming from 234 family interviews with both children and parents, carried out from September 2014 until April 2017 in 21 countries.
- May 2017
SAGE Journal, SAGE Journal
In Vol 19, Issue 5, 2017 of the SAGE Journal in the New Media & Society category, there are a number of contributions to children's rights in the digital age.
UNICEF Office of Research-Innocenti, London School of Economics and Political Science
Global Kids Online is an international research project that aims to generate and sustain a rigorous cross-national evidence base around children’s use of the internet by creating a global network of researchers and experts.
- UN-Committee on the Rights of the Child, Vereinte Nationen
Adopted and opened for signature, ratification and accession by General Assembly resolution 44/25 of 20 November 1989, entry into force 2 September 1990, in accordance with article 49
- March 2021
Explanatory Notes on the General Comment No. 25 (2021) on Children’s Rights in Relation to the Digital EnvironmentExplanatory Notes on the General Comment No. 25 (2021) on Children’s Rights in Relation to the Digital Environment.
The Committee on the Rights of the Child is currently drafting a general comment on children’s rights in relation to the digital environment. The draft of the general comment can be found here.
- January 2016ECPAT International, ECPAT Germany
The Terminology Guidelines provide guidance for the understanding and use of terms and concepts for individuals and agencies working for the prevention and elimination of sexual exploitation and sexual abuse of children.
- January 2002
Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornographyThe Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR)
The Optional Protocol is a supplement to the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child and obliges all signatory parties to prohibit the sale of children, child prostitution and depiction of sexual abuse of children (so-called child pornography).
- October 2019The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR)
The Guidelines adapt the provisions of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child and its Optional Protocol to today's (digital) environment.
- Council of Europe, Europarat
The guidelines to respect, protect and fulfil the rights of the child in the digital environment were adopted by the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe on 4 July 2018. The purpose of the guidelines is to assist states and other relevant stakeholders in their efforts to adopt a comprehensive, strategic approach in building and containing the often complex world of the digital environment.
- Council of Europe, Europarat
How to better respect, protect and fulfil the rights of the child in the digital environment is at the core of the new Recommendation adopted today by the Council of Europe’s Committee of Ministers. Building on international and European legal instruments, the text provides comprehensive guidelines for action by European governments. The digital environment shapes children’s lives in many ways, creating opportunities and risks to their well-being and enjoyment of human rights. Governments are recommended to review their legislation, policies and practices to ensure that these adequately address the full range of the rights of the child. States should also ensure that business enterprises and other key partners meet their human rights responsibilities and are held accountable in case of abuses.
- European Commission, Europäische Kommission
The European Commission has worked out a fact sheet on the EU Data Protection Reform, which will take effect from 25 May 2018.