The virtual Internet Governance Forum 2020 is starting soonStiftung Digitale Chancen
On Monday, November 2, the Internet Governance Forum (IGF) 2020 will begin, this year in digital format as a virtual IGF, hosted by the United Nations. This year’s motto is "Internet for human resilience and solidarity". Here, economic, civil society, and technical representatives meet with high-ranking government representatives from all around the world and address the four thematic tracks: data, environment, inclusion, and trust.
During the first week a series of sessions and workshops of the IGF’s Dynamic Coalitions and the national and regional IGF initiatives will take place. In addition, open forums and events of transnational organizations will be held. In the second week, the program, which is divided into four thematic areas by the Multistakeholder Advisory Group, will begin. Until November 17, the program will include workshops, sessions, and roundtable discussions that will focus on the challenges of digital transformation for society.
Children’s rights and child protection have gained high awareness in the Internet Governance eco-system over the years since the Dynamic Coalition on Child Online Safety started its work in Rio in 2007.
We have produced a schedule of the sessions addressing aspects of children and youth growing up in a digital environment to make it more convenient for you to take part online. During the IGF week we will report from the event with a special focus on these sessions.
For the participation in the IGF a registration is necessary. Please be kindly advised here to register before October 26.
IGF-Sessions on “Growing Up in a Digital Environment”
- 10:20-11:50, Room 1: Digital Cooperation and Children’s Rights
- 16:10-17:40, Room Poland II: Internet - safety and development of children and young people - educational, social and legal consequences
- 8:00-9:30, Room 1: Lessons learned from the Pandemic: child rights and safety
- 15:10-16:10, Room 3: Investing in keeping children Safe Online
- 8:40-10:10, Room 3: Right to Play?---Online Gaming and Child Rights
- 10:40-12:00, Room 1: Protection or Participation? Child Rights in a New Normal
- 16:10-17:40, Room 3: The Revolution won't be Televised, but Social Mediatised?
- 17:50-18:50, Room 3: Children’s Rights and Participation in Data Governance
- 11:10-12:10, Room 3: New profiles of marketing aimed at children in the Internet
- 13:50-15:20, Room 3: Digital Human Rights: Digital integrity of the human person
New law on the protection of minors adopted by the German CabinetJutta Croll, Stiftung Digitale Chancen, Stiftung Digitale Chancen
Last reformed in 2002, the current German Youth Protection Act is no longer adequate to ensure that children and young people grow up well and safely with media.
Whereas the protection of minors used to focus on regulating the confrontation with harmful content, a modern protection of minors in the media must now meet completely different challenges.
The Internet is firmly embedded in the everyday life of young people, enabling them to have a variety of social contacts and access to information, educational and leisure opportunities. However, this is also accompanied by dangers and risks which make effective protection concepts and measures necessary.
The Federal Government is breaking new ground with the draft of a modern law for the protection of minors presented by Federal Minister for Family Affairs Giffey.
For the first time, the personal integrity of young people is anchored as a protection goal. The new law is based on a child rights approach which focuses on the best interest of the child in accordance with the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child and takes equal account of the protection, empowerment and participation of children. Three elements are envisaged for achieving contemporary protection of young people:
- Protection of children and young people from interaction risks such as bullying, sexual advances or cost traps;
- Orientation for parents, professionals and young people through uniform age labels;
- Enforcement of the regulations, also vis-à-vis foreign providers who make particularly high use of children and young people.
After the successful completion of the EU notification procedure, the draft law has now been adopted by Cabinet. In the next step, it will be submitted to the Bundesrat (upper house of parliament), then it goes into parliamentary deliberation and, if successful, can enter into force in the first half of 2021.
The Covid-19 pandemic has clearly shown the importance of using the Internet and online services when schools and kindergardens are closed and personal contacts are limited. In order for children to be able to exercise their right to access to the media, their right to education, their right to freedom of expression, assembly and association, cultural participation and play also in and with digital media, we need an effective and up-to-date protection of minors in the media as provided for in the draft law.
ITU 2020 Guidelines on Child Online ProtectionMarlene Fasolt, Stiftung Digitale Chancen
ITU 2020 Guidelines on Child Online Protection (COP)
During the Corona Crisis more children than ever have been going online and with that there has been an increase in the amount of online criminal offences directed at children, stated Dr. Najat Maalla M'jid on the official Facebook page of the United Nations Office on Violence Against Children. To work against that problem, the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) launched its 2020 Guidelines on Child Online Protection (COP), a set of recommendations for stakeholders on how to contribute to the development of a safe and empowering online environment for children and young people. It consists of four parts, each directed to the four different key audiences: children, parents and educators, industry and policymakers. Almost all Guidelines are available in English, Arabic, Chinese, Spanish, French and Russian.
The guidelines for children have been published in three different forms: a story book for children under nine, a workbook for children aged 9 to 11, and a social media campaign and microsite for children and young people aged 12 to 18 (only available in English). These aim to show children how to manage risks online and empower them to safely be able to use the opportunities that the internet offers.
The guidelines for parents and educators serve as a tool to protect and support children and young people using the internet and to make the families aware of the potential risks that their children face. The importance of having an open communication with your children and students and giving them the feeling that they can confide in you is strongly emphasized.
The guidelines for industry aim to support the industry in developing safer child online protection policies. They recommend integrating child rights considerations into all policies, developing standard processes to handle child sexual abuse material, creating a safer and age-appropriate online environment, educating children, carers and educators about children's safety, and portraying digital technologies as a way to increase civic engagement.
The guidelines for policymakers provide a base on which to develop inclusive strategies e.g. through open consultations and direct communication with children. This would lead to better targeted and more efficient measures. The guidelines recommend policies should build on internationals standards, like the Convention on the Rights of the Child and the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals.
These guidelines are a “very timely tool to safeguard the well-being, integrity, and safety of our children, our most precious gift," ITU Secretary-General Houlin Zhao said in the press release of the 2020 Guidelines on COP and they should be taken into account when making any decisions that can concern a child’s wellbeing.
All the guidelines can be downloaded here.
„ Respect my rights! Healthy living!" KiKA’s thematic focus from September 7 to 25, 2020Marlene Fasolt, Stiftung Digitale Chancen
The right to health is enshrined in the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child (Article 24). Here, health is defined as "a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity", which aligns with the WHOs views. Article 12 of the UN-CRC grants children the right to be heard in all matters concerning them. In agreement with this KiKA conducted a survey to find out more about the well-being of children during the Corona crisis. The children‘s channel commissioned a survey of 843 schoolchildren aged 6 to 13 on the topics of nutrition, exercise, and sustainability. The majority of the children showed a surprisingly high awareness of these health issues
For 39% of those surveyed, eating less sweets has a positive effect. "Sweets should be offered in moderation because sugar is generally very addictive" explained a 9-year-old female respondent. However, drinks should also be taken into account, according to the children. Almost two thirds of them prefer water (60 %), followed by sparkling juices (22 %), and finally softdrinks in third place(7,7 %).
In order to find out what health means for children, they were asked how to prevent childhood obesity. The majority of children see healthier food (83%), and exercise and sports (61%) as preventive measures. In contrast to the Motoric Module Study 2019 (MoMo) , which showed that about 80% of 6 to 17-year-olds in Germany aren‘t active enough (less than 60min of "moderate to strenuous activity" daily), in the KiKA study 89% of the six to 13-year-olds stated that they had moved for about an hour or more the previous day. They particularly like to be active outdoors or meet friends (65%), cycling or walking is also very popular (63%), and almost a third (30%) visit a sports club regularly.
"I don't want to put pressure on myself to perform, I prefer to play around foolishly", said a 7-year-old girl when asked about exercise.
Mental health is also an important issue, especially during the corona crisis. Most schools, playgrounds, and sports clubs were closed for a long time and children could not play around with friends as they would have liked to. Many children missed their friends (77%), visits to playgrounds (58%), everyday hobbies (45%), and above all their grandparents (54%). Therefore, the children were also asked how they felt during the pandemic. About half of the children (50.9 %) said they were "very well" or "rather well". Just under a third (29%) were undecided and the remaining children (20%) were "not feeling so well" or even "not well at all". Especially children aged eight to nine and girls felt uncomfortable during this time. Some children enjoyed having less school, spending more time with the family and seeing their parents more often. Only 13% of those surveyed said there was nothing good about Corona.
"A school subject dealing with health education would be important," said a 13-year-old male interviewee. This statement is directly related to Article 24 of the Convention on the Rights of the Child, which requires that all children be "provided with basic knowledge concerning the child's health and nutrition" and that they "have access to appropriate training".
Particularly in light of the corona pandemic, the issue of health is becoming increasingly important also for children. During the KiKA thematic focus, many aspects of the topic of health will be presented through documentaries, magazines, or films. These can be found on the TV channel or as on-demand offers on kika.de, kikaninchen.de, in the KiKANiNCHEN app, and in the KiKA player. During the ongoing corona phase, the KiKA consulting service "KUMMERKASTEN" offers mental support. On kika.de/kummerkasten the corona hygiene rules are shown in an entertaining way and during the period of the thematic focus, study results are taken up and perseverance is encouraged.
Invitation to comment on a General Comment on children’s rights in relation to the digital environment
We are happy to announce that the Unites Nation’s Committee on the Rights of the Child is currently drafting a general comment on children’s rights in relation to the digital environment.
As of Aug. 12 the Committee now invites all interested stakeholders to comment on its draft general comment. The deadline for submissions is 15 November 2020. No submissions received after this deadline will be considered or posted on the webpage of the Committee.
After due consideration of inputs provided, the Committee will decide on the contents of the final version of the general comment. All comments:
- Should be submitted in one of the official languages of the Committee: English, French or Spanish;
- Should be in one concise and focused document indicating precisely the paragraphs to which comments are being made and must not exceed 3,000 words;
- Should be submitted electronically in WORD format to the following email address: email@example.com;
- Will not be accepted if they do not follow the above requirements;
- Will not be translated;
- Shall be posted on the CRC webpage devoted to this draft general comment.
The current version of the draft general comment can be found here.