merzWISSENSCHAFT: Children / Media / RightsJutta Croll
Children have rights. This is not least enshrined in the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child. This agreement was revolutionary in 1989 and its implementation has unfortunately not been taken for granted to this day. Particularly in view of digitisation, it is worth taking a look at how children's rights are taken into account in the design and provision of media services, but also in the implementation of media education activities. In the course of the mediatisation of all areas of life ("deep mediatisation") this seems more important than ever. New digital technologies offer new opportunities for social participation - children and young people also benefit, for example, from the wide range of information and communication offerings.
In the special edition merzWissenschaft Nr.6, published in December 2018, two articles based on the work of the project Kinderrechte.digital were published.
Stop! Secret - The children's right to data protection and privacy in the digital world
Main topics of this article are data protection and privacy issues from a child’s rights perspective. The authors discuss how the EU General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) addresses the protec-tion requirements of children and how a child-centred implementation of the GDPR should be shaped. The topic is analyzed from three angles: the relation to children’s rights on a national level, the thematic placement into the European context, and taking into account the perspective of children themselves.
The influence of domain names on children's rights on the Internet
Given the central importance of the internet to children’s lives in the 21st Century the Domain Name System (DNS) can have a decisive impact on children’s rights. This is because the contractual terms on which a domain is allocated by ICANN can either require relevant actors to take steps to protect children’s rights to access, protection and participation or they can be silent or more permissive, thereby opening the way for bad actors to put those rights and children’s safety in jeopardy. This paper describes the underlying infrastructure of the Internet Corporation of Assigned Na-mes and Numbers - ICANN - and offers a perspective on the potential of the DNS to contribute to children’s rights and on the obligations of those responsible for managing the DNS to have in regard to children’s rights.
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