merzWISSENSCHAFT: Children / Media / RightsJutta Croll
Children have rights. This is not least enshrined in the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child. This agreement was revolutionary in 1989 and its implementation has unfortunately not been taken for granted to this day. Particularly in view of digitisation, it is worth taking a look at how children's rights are taken into account in the design and provision of media services, but also in the implementation of media education activities. In the course of the mediatisation of all areas of life ("deep mediatisation") this seems more important than ever. New digital technologies offer new opportunities for social participation - children and young people also benefit, for example, from the wide range of information and communication offerings.
In the special edition merzWissenschaft Nr.6, published in December 2018, two articles based on the work of the project Kinderrechte.digital were published.
Stop! Secret - The children's right to data protection and privacy in the digital world
Main topics of this article are data protection and privacy issues from a child’s rights perspective. The authors discuss how the EU General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) addresses the protec-tion requirements of children and how a child-centred implementation of the GDPR should be shaped. The topic is analyzed from three angles: the relation to children’s rights on a national level, the thematic placement into the European context, and taking into account the perspective of children themselves.
The influence of domain names on children's rights on the Internet
Given the central importance of the internet to children’s lives in the 21st Century the Domain Name System (DNS) can have a decisive impact on children’s rights. This is because the contractual terms on which a domain is allocated by ICANN can either require relevant actors to take steps to protect children’s rights to access, protection and participation or they can be silent or more permissive, thereby opening the way for bad actors to put those rights and children’s safety in jeopardy. This paper describes the underlying infrastructure of the Internet Corporation of Assigned Na-mes and Numbers - ICANN - and offers a perspective on the potential of the DNS to contribute to children’s rights and on the obligations of those responsible for managing the DNS to have in regard to children’s rights.
Here you can access the abstracts of all articles contained
Here you will get directly to the order of the edition
Read more on the topic : www.merz-zeitschrift.de/alle-ausgaben...
Call for Issues for the Internet Governance Forum 2019IGF Internet Governance Forum, IGF Internet Governance Forum
Internet governance is the development and application by governments, the private sector and civil society of shared principles, norms, rules, decision-making procedures, and programmes that shape the evolution and use of the Internet.
The Internet Governance Forum - IGF is an annual open conference, initiated by the United Nations in 2006. Internet penetration worldwide, internet usage, technical aspects and regulation are on the agenda. Human rights have played a big role from the beginning. This year an open call for issues again provides the opportunity to put children’s rights and child protection in the focus of IGF.
The call is open for all stakeholders till 24 January at https://www.intgovforum.org/multilingual/content/igf-2019-call-for-issues
Read more on the topic : www.intgovforum.org/
IGFD2018Jutta Croll, Stiftung Digitale Chancen
The tenth Internet Governance Forum Germany will take place today in the Wappensaal of the Rotes Rathaus in Berlin under the heading Digital Participation. In his opening speech, Prof. Dr. Helge Braun, Federal Minister for Special Tasks and Head of the Federal Chancellery, presented the Federal Government's digital strategy. The focus was on expanding the network infrastructure, but also on promoting digital skills for more digital participation.
Other topics during the day will include the future of work, international conflicts in cyberspace, the Network Enforcement Act one year after its entry into force, and the topics that will lead to the Global Internet Governance Forum 2019 in Berlin: Internet Governance Radar, Citizen Dialogue and the Multistakeholder Approach.
Read more on the topic : www.intgovforum-deutschland.org/igf-d...
New study shows "Generation Internet" between happiness and dependenceDeutsches Institut für Vertrauen und Sicherheit im Internet (DIVSI), German Institute for Trust and Security on the Internet, Deutsches Institut für Vertrauen und Sicherheit im Internet (DIVSI)
The Internet is both a curse and a blessing for young people and young adults. Although they mainly associate opportunities with the Internet, they also increasingly see risks - such as personal attacks, misinformation, increasing complexity and a lack of technical understanding. Group pressure and excessive demands create additional discomfort. This clearly demonstrates a fundamental change in the use and perception of social media: the hype is over - skepticism is on the rise.
This is the conclusion of the representative U25 study presented by the German Institute for Trust and Security on the Internet (DIVSI) together with Federal Family Minister Dr. Franziska Giffey at the Deutsches Technikmuseum Berlin.
For the vast majority of respondents, digital infrastructures and services are essential because they greatly facilitate access to information, speed up previously cumbersome processes and inspire new ones. 68 percent can no longer imagine life without the Internet (2014: 73 percent). From the point of view of young people, the Internet is above all one thing: practical; 69 percent even say that it makes them happy.
However, only 30 percent of the younger generation still believe in the security of personal data on the Internet. Dr. Silke Borgstedt, Director of Social Research and Head of Studies at the SINUS Institute: "The comparison with the study results from 2014 shows that young people today perceive significantly more risks when using the Internet than they did four years ago.
In addition, many young people notice a strong "brutalization" of the ways of dealing with people in the net and behave accordingly cautiously and reservedly. Two thirds of 14- to 24-year-olds perceive the Internet as a space in which those who express themselves can expect to be insulted or insulted. For 38 percent, this perceived "insult culture" is a reason not to express their own opinions on the Internet.
Joanna Schmölz, deputy director of DIVSI, underlines: "We have to ask ourselves what it says about the state of our democratic society when young people stop expressing their opinions for fear of insults and 'shitstorms' in the very room of exchange that is most important to them".
Compared to 2014, the fear of publishing embarrassing or intimate posts has also risen significantly (by 18 percentage points), as the fear of fake profiles, i.e. deception by fake user profiles (by 16 percentage points). 44 percent perceive fake profiles as one of the biggest personal risks on the net.
There is also widespread concern about being or becoming "addicted to the Internet". Younger people between the ages of 14 and 17 in particular see the problem as somewhat more acute (30 percent) than older people between the ages of 18 and 24 (26 percent). Almost one-third of young people and young adults therefore consider their own usage patterns to have been problematic. 64 percent feel they are wasting time on the Internet; 19 percent are even annoyed by the Internet.
The "Internet generation" feels inadequately prepared for a digital future. The acquisition of digital competences is mostly a matter of self-direction and among each other.
Young people and young adults are looking to a purely digital future with skepticism: 41 percent of young people between the ages of 14 and 24 are afraid that in the future much can only be done via the Internet. This figure has almost doubled since 2014. Almost half of those surveyed would like to see less online in the future.
Even if 14- to 24-year-olds seem to move safely and confidently online, their self-image is different: the older generations' idea that young people are digitally competent qua year of birth is firmly rejected by 14- to 24-year-olds. "From their point of view, being "Digital Native" is not a given, but in many cases requires knowledge and effort.
Read more on the topic : www.divsi.de/presse...
IGF Sessions Tag 3, 14.11.2018Jutta Croll
Today's Sessions at the IGF 2018 that cover the topics Children's Rights, Child Protection and Human Rights:OF #25 Global alignment for improving the security of IoT devices
Security issues regarding the "internet of things", considering linked-up toys.WS #349 A Multistakeholder Approach to HRIAs: Lessons from ICANN
Estimation of the impact of the domainname-system with regards to Human Rights.
IGF Sessions Day 2, 13.11.2018Jutta Croll
Today's Sessions at the IGF 2018 that cover the topics Children's Rights, Child Protection and Human Rights:WS #239 Online child exploitation - risks and responses
Workshop on the risks and potential hazards caused by new technologies and applications, and arrangements to combat them.OF #17 Children and AI - securing child rights for the ai generation, organised by UNICEF
Debate about possibilities to consider Children's Rights during the development of applications that are based on artificial intelligence or use it.Thematic Main session Human Rights, Gender, and Youth
Human Rights and Internet Governance especially for the prevention of harm towards women and children.WS #211 Technology, Suicide, and the Mental Health of Youth
Discussion on the intensifying impacts and preventive potentials of internet usage regarding psychological instability of young people.Child Online Safety: Online products and their impact on children’s vulnerability
Session of the Dynamic Coalition on Child Online Safety: a debate on hazards resulting from applications, which purposefully analize and influence the user behaviour of children.