Right to Protection and Safety
In all areas of life, both online and offline, children must be protected from any form of violence, abuse, negligence and miss-treatment. Along with guidelines and laws that serve the purpose of protecting children, appropriate technical provisions must be implemented, while empowering children for self-protection in the digital world. (UN-CRC Art. 3) Protection and safety in the digital world arises from a mix of different instruments and the children’s empowerment for self-protection. It is the duty of parents and pedagogues in educational institutions to promote the empowerment of children, while governments have to provide the legal framework and preconditions.
The model of Intelligent Risk Management constitutes the different strategic goals of protection, based on the development along the child and adolescent phases and, with increasing age of the children, focuses on the growing ability to cope with risks.
- 21.09.17Jutta Croll
Child protection must cover all areas of children’s lives, a safe everyday life in the real world as well as growing-up well with media. When article 19, 34 and 36 of the UN-Convention on the Rights of the Child demand the protection of children from violence, sexual abuse and exploitation, these rights nowadays must be interpreted and applied in a new way in regard of risks arising from or being reinforced through the internet. But how could contemporary child protection on the internet be envisaged? What are the preconditions for children using the internet for information and participation, for education and play, without being unreasonably endangered? What role does the protection of children’s data play in this regard?
- 22.05.17Jutta Croll
In 1989, the die Convention on the Rights of the Child (UN-CRC) was passed by the United Nations. To this day 195 states have ratified the Convention, making it the United Nations’ most widely recognized human rights document. The Convention is meant to grant special protection to young people under the age of eighteen. The ratifying states commit themselves to implement and guarantee the rights to freedom and protection as laid down in the 41 articles of the treaty.
Studies and publications
Deutsches Global Compact Netzwerk und Deutsches Komitee für UNICEF e. V.
The rights of children comprise much more areas than child labour in the supply chain, such as family friendly workplaces, product security or marketing. Within the first Germany-wide study on the topic “Children´s Rights in the German Business Activities” 485 companies have been contacted and 100 companies examined with a desktop study.
Centre for Child Protection on the Internet, I-KiZ - Zentrum für Kinderschutz im Internet
The task of the I-KiZ, the Centre for Child Protection on the Internet, together with youth media protection stakeholders from politics, business, science and practitioners, was to provide a forum for the development of strategies for contemporary youth media protection and the promotion of better protection of children and adolescents.
- London School of Economics (LSE)
How do parents seek to bring up their children in the digital age? What is parents’ vision of their children’s future and that of the wider society? What risks and opportunities will characterise the digital future?
- October 2014Amanda Third, Delphine Bellerose, Urszula Dawkins, Emma Keltie, Kari Pihl Young and Well Cooperative Research Centre, Young and Well Cooperative Research Centre
In July and August 2014, 148 children from 16 countries, speaking eight different languages, participated in workshops to share their views on their rights in the digital age.
- John Carr
In his Blog John Carr discusses how the new technologies change our life. His readers are thereby people whose interests lie in the field of public policy. Among his main topics are Security and Protection, with a focus on the special responsibility towards young(er) users.
Additional content for: Internet Governance
- Hans-Bredow-Institut, Hans-Bredow-Institut
How do children and young people in Europe use the internet, what risks do they face, what opportunities does the internet offer, and how are they dealing with the varying possibilities? What are the similarities and differences here between the different European countries?
- Jutta Croll, Stiftung Digitale Chancen, Stiftung Digitale Chancen
The presentation explains domain name registration. It shows risks for children and countermeasures.
- UN-Committee for the Rights of the Child, Vereinte Nationen
Adopted and opened for signature, ratification and accession by General Assembly resolution 44/25 of 20 November 1989, entry into force 2 September 1990, in accordance with article 49
- May 2011
Council of Europe Convention on preventing and combating violence against women and domestic violenceConvention No. 210; Istanbul
Council of Europe
This new landmark treaty of the Council of Europe opens the path for creating a legal framework at pan-European level to protect women against all forms of violence, and prevent, prosecute and eliminate violence against women and domestic violence. The definition of “women” includes girls under the age of 18.
Additional content for: Digital Literacy
- October 2007
Council of Europe Convention on the Protection of Children against Sexual Exploitation and Sexual AbuseConvention No. 201; Lanzarote
This Convention is the first instrument to establish the various forms of sexual abuse of children as criminal offences, including such abuse committed in the home or family, with the use of force, coercion or threats.
- November 2001
Council of Europe, Europarat
The Convention is the first international treaty on crimes committed via the Internet and other computer networks, dealing particularly with infringements of copyright, computer-related fraud, child pornography and violations of network security. It also contains a series of powers and procedures such as the search of computer networks and interception.
Additional content for: Child Sexual Abuse Material
- May 1996
Council of Europe, Europarat
The European Social Charter (revised) of 1996 embodies in one instrument all rights guaranteed by the Charter of 1961, its additional Protocol of 1988 (ETS No. 128) and adds new rights and amendments adopted by the Parties. It is gradually replacing the initial 1961 treaty.